Swimming Techniques and Strokes Vary from One Another

Freestyle/Front Crawl

The front crawl is almost certainly the first swimming stroke that comes to mind when you think of swimming. It is frequently referred to as the freestyle stroke since it is the fastest stroke and is used by the majority of swimmers in freestyle competitions.

To perform the front crawl, you must lie down on your stomach with your body parallel to the surface of the water. Propel yourself forward with alternating arm movements in a windmill motion that begins by pushing underwater and then recovers above water to propel yourself forward. Your legs should propel you forward with a flutter kick, which should be performed with pointed feet while your legs alternately move up and down in height. Do not allow your legs to bow at the knee.

Turning your head to the side when your arm is in the recovery (above water) position can allow you to time your breathing to match your swimming strokes more accurately. If you bend your head too much to the side and face upward, you will really sink into the water rather than remaining above the surface of the water.


The backstroke needs movements that are similar to those required for the front crawl, but it is performed on your back, as the name suggests. Individuals with back problems are frequently recommended this stroke by doctors since it gives an excellent back workout.

While floating on your back, alternate your arms in a windmill-like action to drive yourself backwards, and you have successfully performed the backstroke. Similar to the front crawl, your arms should initiate the circular motion by pushing below and recovering above the surface of the water with your arms. You should move your legs to the side in a flutter kick. When you look straight up, your face should be above the surface of the water.

Maintain as much straightness as possible throughout your body, with a tiny fall in the lower body to maintain your legs submerged. Avoid allowing your hips to sink too low or your torso to bend too much, as this may cause you to lose speed. Continue to keep your legs close together and kick with the motion from your hips to produce a more powerful result.

Although your face will remain out of the water, you will still want to be aware of the pattern of your breaths while swimming. Match your breaths to the length of your strokes once more.


The breaststroke is the slowest competitive swimming stroke, yet it is also the stroke that is most usually taught in swimming lessons. It is frequently taught to beginning swimmers because it does not include submerging one’s head underwater to complete the stroke. Swimming competitions, on the other hand, require swimmers to submerge their heads and breathe at specific points during the stroke.

It is necessary to perform this stroke with your stomach facing down. Each of your arms moves in a half circular motion in front of your torso beneath the surface of the water at the same time as the other. The whip kick is performed by both of your legs at the same time. In order to execute the whip kick, you must move your legs from straight behind you close to your torso by bending both your knees and your hips at the same time. Your legs will then move outward and to the side, before stretching and coming back together in a circle. This swimming technique is frequently compared to the movement of a frog.

By resting the arms while the legs kick and straightening the legs while the arms push you ahead, you may increase the effectiveness of your propulsion and save time on the water. As a result, there is always something at work to ensure that forward movement continues.